what drugs to avoid if allergic to penicillin?what drugs to avoid if allergic to penicillin?

Over the years, 10% of penicillin users have had reports of mild to severe allergic reactions to the medication. Penicillin binds to specific enzymes located in the cell wall of bacterial cells, known as penicillin binding proteins. Withdrawal of the drug. Can You Outgrow a Penicillin Allergy? Its also worth noting that only 20 per cent of people who think they are allergic to penicillin, actually are. These include:If you have a penicillin allergy, the simplest prevention is to avoid the drug. Skin testing at a doctor's office is the best way to find out for sure whether you are allergic to penicillin. A penicillin allergy is one of the most commonly reported drug allergies. Serious allergic reactions to . How can I tell if Im allergic to penicillin? Symptoms of allergy often appear within few hours of drug intake. Accessed Oct. 24, 2019. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 5 Feb 2023), Cerner Multum (updated 22 Feb 2023), ASHP (updated 12 Feb 2023) and others. Among all groups of antibiotics, penicillins are the oldest and the safest ones with fewer side effects. https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/immunology-allergic-disorders/allergic,-autoimmune,-and-other-hypersensitivity-disorders/anaphylaxis?query=anaphylaxis. gentamicin) and glycopeptides (e.g. What if I Cant Afford My Allergy Medications? Headaches. What to know when we add a new business or post? Norepinephrine vs epinephrine: what's the difference? https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Amoxicillin is in the same family of antibiotics as penicillin. Ancef (cefazolin) is a cephalosporin, which is a class of antibiotics that are like cousins to penicillin. By using this site you agree. Clindamycin will not work for colds, flu, or other virus infections. Sulfa drugs kill bacteria and fungi by interfering with cell metabolism. Medical content developed and reviewed by the leading experts in allergy, asthma and immunology. What is penicillin? Can I take clindamycin if I am allergic to penicillin? There are also many broad-spectrum antibiotics that can be used in place of penicillin. These antibiotics then activate those cells that are involved in the release of allergy mediators like histamine. Can You Outgrow a Penicillin Allergy? However, on repeated exposure there is production of more and more antibodies that tend to stimulate the release of allergy mediators. We use cookies for various purposes including analytics and personalized marketing. At the end of this process, most patients can be safely treated with penicillin and dosed normally. . other information we have about you. swelling of the mouth or throat. But, now the resistant strains of bacteria are emerging that show resistance to penicillin. Fluoroquinolones enter the bacterial cells either through passive diffusion or through special channels called porins. Available for Android and iOS devices. include protected health information. When patients say they have a sulfa allergy typically they are allergic to a group of drugs called sulfonamides. Penicillin allergy signs and symptoms may include: Official Answer. It may be a tiny injection under your skin or a small scratch. Penicillin is prescribed for treating various bacterial infections. The American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology lists the following antibiotics as ones to avoid if you have a penicillin allergy: It can be quite a struggle living with penicillin allergy especially if youre prone to illnesses, infections or injuries. These reactions usually resolve in an hour or so. Sign up for free, and stay up to date on research advancements, health tips and current health topics, like COVID-19, plus expertise on managing health. Examples are resistant staphylococci and gram negative bacteria. Penicillins are further divided into following groups: Despite the fewer chances of side effects, 10 percent people do suffer from penicillin allergy. If it was an ADR, consider whether the . Either oral or injected corticosteroids may be used to treat inflammation associated with more-serious reactions. Penicillin allergy is an abnormal reaction of your immune system to the antibiotic drug penicillin. Many people experience constipation with narcotic medications. Prometrium Progesterone: Patient Information, Avoiding Milk Protein: List of Prescription and Over-the-Counter Medications Containing Nuts. Yes you can. This skin testing is similar to penicillin skin testing. Less commonly, reactions can occur hours, days or weeks later. Signs or symptoms of an infection for which you are being treated or unrelated symptoms also may be mistaken as an allergic drug reaction. See your doctor as soon as possible if you experience signs or symptoms of penicillin allergy. If and when your immune system misidentifies penicillin as a harmful substance, it develops an antibody to the drug. Common signs and symptoms of penicillin allergy include hives, rash and itching. Having an infection such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or Epstein-Barr virus, which can contribute to allergic drug reactions Modern-day penicillin antibiotics are produced synthetically and are not contaminated with mold particles. of signs you need emergency medical attention or call 911. Name of Drug Dosage, Route, Mechanism of Action Indication Adverse Reactions Special Precautions Nursing Responsibilities Frequency and Timing Generic: Hemarate contains iron, Prevention and treatment Hypersensitivity Lactation: Observe 12 rights of drug Multivitamins Dosage: 320 mg and vitamins B6 and B12 of iron deficiency reactions: hives . Augmentin and Bactrim are different types of antibiotics. This means you are given small doses of penicillin every 15 minutes over four hours. Milk is discarded if it has too much of those drugs in it. Drug allergies can be hard to diagnose. Symptoms of anaphylaxis are as follow: If anything mentioned above happens to you after taking penicillin, immediately seek medical help from nearby poison centre or hospital to get proper treatment in time. Among other uses, penicillins are often used to treat ear infections, strep throat, sinus infections, and to prevent dental infection. 2017;17(3):251-5. https://acaai.org/allergies/allergic-conditions/drug-allergies/, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1783707/, https://www.aaaai.org/Allergist-Resources/Ask-the-Expert/Answers/Old-Ask-the-Experts/acetazolamide. Itching, skin rash, or . This is more likely to happen in people with a penicillin allergy. Immediate allergic reactions or anaphylaxis to vaccines are very rare, though. Clostridioides difficile Infection. It is also used as hormonal treatment for trans men as part of the transitioning process from female to male. In recent findings presented at the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI) 2023 Annual Meeting in San Antonio, TX, investigators found that almost half of patients recommended for drug allergy diagnostics did not complete their tests. Potent as it is, penicillin kills selectively, which means it targets bacterial cells without harming healthy human cells. Penicillin is prescribed for treating various bacterial infections. If we combine this information with your protected Up to 10 percent of people report being allergic to penicillin, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). gentamicin) and glycopeptides (e.g. We first describe the main symptoms of penicillin allergy and then suggest alternative non-penicillin antibiotics. The penicillin family of antibiotics contains over 15 chemically related drugs (e.g. ciprofloxacin), macrolides (e.g. Symptoms can begin within moments of ingesting a medication or up to several hours later. Some people are reporting allergic reactions to COVID-19 vaccines. The Food Allergy Initiative indicates you should avoid fish oil if you have a shellfish allergy, and may find vegetable or flax seed oils acceptable substitutes. Cephalosporins. However, there are other medications you may be able to take. Penicillin allergy assessment and skin testing in the outpatient setting. Amoxicillin and penicillin are two of many antibiotics on the market today. Had sudden dizziness, weakness or loss of consciousness. information published by the University of Bristol, American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology and Research, Which Antibiotics to Avoid with a Penicillin Allergy. All protein synthesis inhibitors bind to 50S ribosomal unit, except for tetracyclines which bind to 30S unit, and inhibit the coupling of m-RNA and t-RNA. Only about 20 percent of people will be allergic to . The chances of cross reactivity between penicillins and antibiotics of other groups are rare. National Library of Medicines list Common allergic reactions to penicillin include rashes, hives, itchy eyes, and swollen lips, tongue, or face. Increased exposure to penicillin, because of high doses, repetitive use or prolonged use; Certain illnesses commonly associated with allergic drug reactions, such as infection with HIV or the Epstein-Barr virus; Prevention. Penicillin was first discovered by Alexander Fleming in 1928 and continues to be one of the most important antibiotics today. Are you among the 10% of the population who report having a penicillin allergy? CDC issued guidance for people with allergies. However, if youve been told you have a penicillin allergy by a doctor who is not an allergist, you may want to confirm the diagnosis. Can you have the Pfizer vaccine if allergic to penicillin? How accurate is blood test for penicillin allergy? Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. If you are allergic to penicillin or another antibiotic, you can still receive either of the COVID-19 vaccines. Amoxicillin and Cipro belong to different antibiotic drug classes. 10% of the population reports a penicillin allergy but <1% of the whole population is truly allergic. What kind of bacteria does Zithromax treat? Another mechanism through which bacteria resist penicillin is the alteration in the structure of penicillin binding protein. An allergy is an IgE mediated response by the body to an allergen. Augmentin is a combination penicillin-type antibiotic and a beta-lactamase inhibitor and Bactrim is a combination of an anti-bacterial sulfonamide (a sulfa drug) and a folic acid inhibitor. Antibiotics may cause abdominal pain and diarrhea. Who Can Benefit From Diaphragmatic Breathing? Fish oil supplements, such as cod liver oil, are commonly used to help a range of conditions from arthritis to Asperger's syndrome. However, the majority of patients (greater than 90%) may not truly be allergic. 1998-2023 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). Here are some alternative groups of antibiotics for penicillin: Penicillins are beta lactam drugs but in case of allergy to penicillins, other beta lactam drugs can be used safely. Amoxicillin is used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. Do not take this medication if you are allergic to cefaclor, or to similar antibiotics, such as Ceftin, Cefzil, Duricef, Fortaz, Keflex, Omnicef, Spectracef, Suprax, and others. When You Breathe In Your Diaphragm Does What? Read more: Could I be allergic to water? However the procedure is only temporary and once treatment has finished, a repeat desensitization would be required if the antibiotic is needed again in the future. People who are allergic to one type of penicillin may or may not be allergic to other types of penicillin or beta-lactam antibiotics like cephalosporin. In cases of a positive penicillin test, either the skin prick or intradermal test will produce a red, raised bump, signifying the presence of an allergy to the medication. Can I take amoxicillin if Im allergic to penicillin? Unless you have had a positive skin test prior to desensitization, it is also recommended that you follow-up for specialized testing with an allergist / immunologist following desensitization as there is a still a very good chance that you are not really allergic and could tolerate penicillins without the need for desensitization in the future. This will come in handy in cases where you are unconscious or seriously injured. If you've had an allergic reaction to one type of penicillin, you may be but are not necessarily allergic to other types of penicillin or to some cephalosporins. Using a broad-spectrum antibiotic for an infection like strep throat (which responds quickly to penicillin) also increases the risk of developing a serious antibiotic-related condition. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. As a . Which antibiotic is best for throat infection? This site uses cookies. No interactions were found between ibuprofen and Penicillin VK. What is the Best Way to Clean a BBQ Grill? Penicillins belong to a class of drug called beta lactams because they contain a special beta lactam ring in their structure that is considered to be responsible for its anti microbial activity. Your doctor will also ask how the reaction was treated and how long ago it happened. Sulfacetamide (BLEPH-10), drops for eye infections. The diagnosis of 'penicillin allergy' is often simply accepted without obtaining a detailed history of the reaction. 4. Not all bacterial infections are treated with penicillin, but if you have an infection that is usually treated by penicillin, you may be able to take a drug that is similar to penicillin called a cephalosporin. 4. Approximately 10% of patients report an allergy to penicillin. Cephalosporin use in penicillin-allergic patients Many cephalosporins, especially in the later generations, can be safely tolerated despite a penicillin allergy. vancomycin) are all unrelated to penicillins and are safe to use in the penicillin allergic patient. For emergency purposes, it is wise to wear a bracelet that states your allergies. Changes in skin color. doxycycline), quinolones (e.g. No, you should not take amoxicillin if you are allergic to penicillin. All rights reserved. Sulfa-containing drugs include: sulfonamide Drugs to Avoid With Sulfa Allergies Sulfamethoxazole / trimethoprim (Bactrim, Sulfatrim), a sulfa combination drug that can be taken in liquid or pill form for many types of infections. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria. For a true allergy, you should not take any antibiotics in the penicillin family. However, you may still be able to take a cephalosporin under the close guidance of your allergist. There are also many broad-spectrum antibiotics that can be used in place of penicillin. information and will only use or disclose that information as set forth in our notice of Alternative antibiotics to penicillin often called broad spectrum may be less effective in treating an infection, may cause unwanted side effects or may be more expensive. Official Answer. Keflex is a cephalosporin antibiotic and amoxicillin is a penicillin-type antibiotic. Therefore, all sort of penicillin antibiotics should be avoided in patients with penicillin allergy. In people who are prone to penicillin allergy, their immune system considers penicillin as an intruder or harmful substance and launches an immune reaction against it. This will allow you to be treated safely with a large penicillin dose. Anaphylaxis - a severe reaction of hives, swelling of the throat/tongue and low blood pressure. CDC issued guidance for people with allergies. Your email address will not be published. Chemicals released by this activity cause the signs and symptoms associated with an allergic reaction. Under federal rules, the industry tests raw milk, both conventional and organic, for a common class of antibiotics called beta-lactams. Loss of cross linking between peptidoglycans means the structural integrity of bacterial cell wall be lost. Penicillin is recognized as the most important discovery in modern medicine. Medically reviewed by Sally Chao, MD. clarithromycin), aminoglycosides (e.g. information submitted for this request. Since the 1940s, penicillin has been a go-to drug. A wide range of antibiotics are available now that can be chosen in the case of allergy to penicillins. It is often the first choice to treat infections of the ear, nose, throat, lungs, sinuses and urinary tract. If you have a serious infection that is best treated by penicillin, it's also possible to have emergency desensitization treatment. If you think you are allergic to penicillin, see a board-certified allergist for testing. It's also very likely that you have outgrown an allergy to penicillin, especially if the reaction happened more than 10 years ago. Once the bacteria lose their cell wall, they begin to die rapidly. Accessed Oct. 22, 2019. In other cases, a person may report a family history of penicillin allergy, but penicillin allergy is not passed down through families. Certain vaccines including the flu vaccine contain small amounts of egg. While anyone can have an allergic reaction to penicillin, a few factors can increase your risk. Why are my nipples sore? Beta lactamase producing bacteria cane be killed by adding inhibitors of beta lactamases like clavulanic acid, sulbactam and tazobactam to penicillin antibiotics. Swelling of the lips, face or eyes. Penicillin allergy is the most common drug allergy and is reported in up to 15 percent of hospitalized patients [].A frequent clinical question is whether these patients can safely receive the structurally related cephalosporins or carbapenems (monobactams [ie, aztreonam] are not cross-reactive with penicillins and can be safely given to penicillin-allergic patients). How long does it take for a boil to heal while taking Bactrim? A highly sensitive penicillin skin test is available to diagnose penicillin allergy and can be used to determine if you are allergic to penicillin. Taking it again could be fatal. Penicillins are the bactericidal drugs that inhibit the cell wall synthesis in bacterial cells. Penicillin is prescribed for treating various bacterial infections. If the tests are negative, the next step is an oral challenge drinking a tiny dose of liquid penicillin to see if you are allergic.. Penicillins need to be avoided and a different antibiotic will be needed to treat infections. Prometrium is also prescribed to people whose periods stop before menopause. The Best Websites to Buy Cheap Business Cards Online, How to Adopt your Stepchild when the Father is Absent. 2023 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. clarithromycin), aminoglycosides (e.g. The American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology lists the following antibiotics as ones to avoid if you have a penicillin allergy: Amoxicillin Ampicillin Dicloxacillin Nafcillin Oxacillin Penicillin G Penicillin V Piperacillin Ticarcillin Cefaclor Cefadroxil Cefazolin Cefdinir Cefotetan Cefprozil Cefuroxime Cephalexin (Keflex) Research is mixed on whether there is an association between allergies to antibiotic sulfa drugs and nonantibiotic sulfa drugs. Solensky R. Penicillin allergy: Delayed hypersensitivity reactions. vancomycin) are all unrelated to penicillins and are safe to use in the penicillin allergic patient. There are a number of cephalosporin medications available, including cephalexin (brand name: Keflex), cefaclor (brand name: Ceclor), cefuroxime (brand name: Ceftin), cefadroxil (brand name: Duricef), cefprozil (brand name: Cefzil), ceftibuten (brand name: Cedax), cefdinir (brand name: Omnicef), cefpodoxime, and cefixime (brand name: Suprax). They are normal side effects to the vaccine as the body builds protection. You may eat or drink these products with your meals, but do not use them alone when taking ciprofloxacin. Stay in the Know with News in Your Mailbox, 2023 Allergy & Asthma Network | All Rights Reserved. Is penicillin allergy genetic? Sulfadiazine silver (Silvadene), a cream to prevent and treat burn infections. Severe reactions include anaphylaxis, a life-threatening condition that affects multiple body systems. Drugs belonging to the sulfonamide class are chemically unrelated to sulfates. . Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride vs Citrate: What's the difference? Testing should only be conducted by an allergist trained to recognize and treat potential allergic reactions. Penicillin vk is in the drug class natural penicillins . Peanuts and other nuts Peanuts contain aflatoxin, which is considered a human carcinogen. But how it is possible? light-headedness. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. 2. Sulfur is a yellow, nonmetallic element with keratolytic, mild antibacterial and mild antifungal activity. Finding out you are not allergic to penicillin could mean better and safer treatment for you in the future. Signs or symptoms of an infection for which you are being treated or unrelated symptoms also may be mistaken as an allergic drug reaction. There are very few cases in which allergy testing or desensitization for penicillin is dangerous. This was the case in six of the twelve serendipitous discoveries reviewed in this paper, i.e., aniline purple, penicillin, lysergic acid diethylamide, meprobamate, chlorpromazine, and imipramine. Not all bacterial infections are treated with penicillin, but if you have an infection that is usually treated by penicillin, you may be able to take a drug that is similar to penicillin called a cephalosporin. 2023 Caniry - All Rights Reserved Therefore, other antibiotics can be used safely in patients with history of penicillin allergy. Penicillin Allergy what do you need to know? However, the choice of alternative antibiotic depends upon the kind of infection that needs to be treated. Medlicker.com - your free daily health information resource. What can I take if im allergic to penicillin? doxycycline), quinolones (e.g. Salicylate Allergy Symptoms. Although the mechanisms of the drugs vary, generally they fight infections by attacking the walls of bacterial cells. Allegra vs Zyrtec: What's the difference? What drugs should be avoided with a sulfa allergy? We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information. Signs and symptoms of penicillin allergy vary from mild skin rashes to severe anaphylactic shock. privacy practices. Systemic reactions such as hives can occur, but are very rare and allergist / immunologists are prepared to treat such reactions. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Skin testing can be done on your back or your arm. Sustanon is an injectable form of testosterone used as hormone replacement therapy for men with low testosterone. Penicillin What Is a Penicillin Allergy? Merck Manual Professional Version. All these activities of penicillin work side by side to inhibit bacterial growth. For example, the risk of a condition called methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is more than 50 percent higher. Common penicillins include ampicillin, amoxicillin, and Augmentin. Skin prick testing is usually not painful. It will be important to let your doctor know what medication you were taking when you had a reaction and what the symptoms were. However, even with treatment, the signs and symptoms of an allergic reaction to penicillin can last anywhere from 2 to 4 weeks. Do I need to carry an epinephrine autoinjector for emergencies? When this happens, the microorganism is rendered vulnerable to osmotic pressure and thus, bursts and dies. More than 90 percent of people who believe they are allergic to penicillin really aren't. Acad Pediatr. Your allergist / immunologist can review your history and perform skin testing to help you understand if you are still allergic to amoxicillin. Penicillin allergy is an abnormal reaction of your immune system to the antibiotic drug penicillin. Can you take hydroxyzine for anxiety and sleep? For more serious problems such as swelling, they might give you a medicine called a corticosteroid. There are a number of cephalosporin medications available, including cephalexin (brand name: Keflex), cefaclor (brand name: Ceclor), cefuroxime (brand name: Ceftin), cefadroxil (brand name: Duricef), cefprozil (brand name: Cefzil), ceftibuten (brand name: Cedax), cefdinir (brand name: Omnicef), cefpodoxime, and cefixime (brand name: Suprax). Serendipity in drug discovery implies the finding of one thing while looking for something else. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, https://www.cdc.gov/antibiotic-use/clinicians/Penicillin-Allergy.html, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK482250/, https://www.aaaai.org/Tools-for-the-Public/Conditions-Library/Allergies/Penicillin-Allergy-FAQ. If you are allergic to penicillin, talk with your physician and pharmacist before taking any new medicine to confirm its not penicillin-based. Medications can also produce side effects, which again, arent allergies. vancomycin) are all unrelated to penicillins and are safe to use in the penicillin allergic patient. 7 possible causes. Medlicker features detailed evidence based articles on health, nutrition, pharmaceuticals, fitness and beauty. ciprofloxacin), macrolides (e.g. The best way of dealing with a penicillin allergy is to stay away from all drugs that contain the substance and other closely related substances. J&J says two trial participants had severe allergic reactions after getting Covid vaccine. This article deals with alternative antibiotics to penicillin in case of penicillin allergy. Mayo Clinic on Incontinence - Mayo Clinic Press, NEW The Essential Diabetes Book - Mayo Clinic Press, NEW Ending the Opioid Crisis - Mayo Clinic Press, FREE Mayo Clinic Diet Assessment - Mayo Clinic Press, Mayo Clinic Health Letter - FREE book - Mayo Clinic Press, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, Book: Mayo Clinic Family Health Book, 5th Edition, Newsletter: Mayo Clinic Health Letter Digital Edition. (March 24, 2019). What Antibiotics can I take if allergic to penicillin and sulfa? Tests and case studies for medical students. Clobetasol vs. triamcinolone - how do they compare? Here are the groups of protein synthesis inhibitors: Fluoroquinolones are a separate group of drugs with a very wide spectrum of antibiotic activity. Make a donation. It is generally recommended that you avoid all drugs in the immediate penicillin family (amoxicillin, ampicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, dicloxacillin, nafcillin, piperacillin-tazobactam as well as certain drugs in the cephalosporin class (a closely related class to penicillins). Corticosteroids. Albuterol Sulfate belongs to a class of drugs called bronchodilators. Stopping the bacterial DNA replications means the bacterial cells will no longer be able to multiply or divide now, because DNA replication is necessary for cell division and bacterial growth. What will happen during my visit with the allergist / immunologist? Drug toxicity can show up in a variety of different ways and can even lead to death in extreme cases. Sulfamethoxazole / trimethoprim (Bactrim, Sulfatrim), a sulfa combination drug that can be taken in liquid or pill form for many types of infections. Can I take Augmentin if Im allergic to penicillin? These vary but may include: Asthma -like symptoms, such as wheezing and trouble breathing. The absorption half-life of the drug was 0.4-0.6 day in the egg-white and 0.93-1.08 day in the egg-yolk. Sulfacetamide (BLEPH-10), drops for eye infections. This is a useful episode for allergists, primary care providers and anyone with their own suspected penicillin allergy. Some may experience a drop in blood pressure. This includes the more than 15 chemically related drugs such as ampicillin, amoxicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate and methicillin. Sustanon is typically injected once every three weeks at a 1 ml. Common signs and symptoms of penicillin allergy include hives, rash and itching. Here we offer a guide to help patients and practitioners when the issue of "drug allergy" arises. Fluoroquinolones are divided into four generation depending upon the slight variation in their antibiotic spectrum. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. But penicillin inhibits the formation of cell wall in bacteria that makes them vulnerable to bodys harsh environment. They may be prescribed to treat urinary tract infections (UTIs), bronchitis, eye infections, bacterial meningitis, pneumonia, ear infections, severe burns, travelers diarrhea, and other conditions. Can You File for Divorce in a Different County? Previous exposure to penicillin may not be obvious. Certain intravenous (IV) cephalosporins are important for hospitalized patients. what channel is buzzr tv on spectrum,

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what drugs to avoid if allergic to penicillin?